Ukraine Conflict

The crisis in Ukraine was instantaneously preceded by the antagonism between the EU along with Russia for the prospect geoeconomic course of Ukraine. The ancestry of the calamity lie in the year 2008 war flanked by Russia along with Georgia, which wrecked the panorama of amplification of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for both Georgia and Ukraine. In the commencement of the global financial predicament, this appeared to offer more credibility to regional economic provisions (Sakwa, 2015). Then, the EU as well as Russia developed diverse generalizations from the war along with the crisis. The Europeans, through the Eastern Corporation program the EU commenced in the year 2009, looked to associate Ukraine, coupled along with five other former Soviet republics. This initiative was a desire to create a “zone of comfort” to the east of the union’s border along with enhancing the countries’ Western orientation


The Ukraine predicaments that hit the roof in early 2014 have led to an end to the post–Cold War environment quo in Europe. Russia, betrayed by its Western partners as a result of their avocation for administration alteration in Kiev, has come forward to with the intent to defend its imperative interests. These interests are what the West regarded as antagonism by a revisionist power (Bloed, 2014). The resulting divergence will last long in addition to having an impact experienced far beyond Europe. The crisis symbolizes the wrapping up of a commonly accommodating period in those dealings, which yet included an unsuccessful attempt at Russia’s amalgamation with the West on its personal terms. As an alternative, the Ukraine crisis has led to the opening of a new interlude of sensitive competition, even altercation, between past Cold War antagonists.

The protracted crisis in Ukraine nation started the on 21 November 2013, as soon as the then-President Viktor discontinued the arrangements for the accomplishment of an association accord with the European Union. Ukraine was engrossed by turmoil when President Viktor Yanukovych declined to sign a relationship accord with the European Union on 21 November 2013. The organized political movement referred to as ‘Euromaidan’ called for closer association with the European Union, thus leading to the ousting of Yanukovych (Von Eggert, 2014). The movement was eventually triumphant, with the climax being in the February 2014 insurgency, which saw the removal of Yanukovych as well as his government. The resolution led to mass protests by its antagonists, referred to as the “Euromaidan”. Subsequent to months of such demonstrations, Yanukovych was removed from power by the demonstrators on the 22 February 2014 when he escaped the Ukrainian capital city of Kiev (Cohen, 2014). The ousting of Yanukovych, the instability enveloped the large Russophone eastern as well as the southern regions of Ukraine, from where he received the majority of his support. The consequent political calamity in the Ukrainian self-governing region of Crimea led to the seizure of Crimea by Russia on the 18 of March 2014. Subsequently, turbulence in Donetsk as well as Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine metamorphosed into a war flanked by the post-radical Ukrainian government along with pro-Russian insurgents (Pond, 2015).

Beginning on the 26 of February 2014, as crisis engrossed Crimea, armed Russian supporters progressively began the occupation of the peninsula. Russia in the beginning said that the uniformed combatants, referred to as the “little green men” in Ukraine, to be “neighboring self-defense forces”. Nevertheless, they later on conceded that these were in reality Russian soldiers devoid of insignias, asserting the physical reports indicating the Russian incursion into Ukraine (Kopachynska, 2014). By the 27 of February, the parliament building belonging to Crimea had been taken over by Russian forces. Russian flags hoisted over the buildings, in addition to a self-affirmed pro-Russian government attesting that it was to hold a referendum on autonomy for Ukraine. Subsequent to the internationally unrecognized referendum, was held on the 16 of March, Russia went on to take possession of Crimea on the 18 March (Bloed, 2014).

The current state of affairs has a principles element to it but is not virtually as attentive on dogmas as the disagreement between Marxism and laissez-faire democracies. It has a conventional military aspect too, but the feature is no as up till now overriding. The present crisis has universal impacts, but it is not fundamental to the global system. Most prominently, dissimilar to the Cold War, the current crisis is not the categorizing principle of either global politics or still the foreign guidelines of the conflict’s chief opponents, predominantly that of the United States (Obama, 2014).

On 1st of March, local state administration buildings (RSAs) in different eastern Ukrainian oblasts had momentarily been occupied by the pro-Russian militants. By the 11th of March, the entire occupations had become defunct; following the units of the area police as well as the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) re-possessed the buildings (Jonsson & Seely, 2015). In Donetsk, demonstrations degenerated into hostility in numerous instances, as well as on the 13th of March, at what time a pro-Ukrainian demonstrator stabbed to death. In Kharkiv, Patriots of Ukraine radicals killed an anti-Maidan activist and a passer-by on the night of 15th of March when anti-Maidan demonstrators attacked the Right Sector headquarters in the capital.

The resurgence of power competition by the great powers
The Ukraine predicament has led to the resurgence of an occasion of U.S.-Russian contention, even altercation, suggestive of the nineteenth-century Great Game, a struggle for ascendancy between the Russian along with British Empires. The struggle is unbalanced in addition to being highly lopsided. The divergence is being played out principally in the economic, political as well as information regions, but additionally has military overtones (Sakwa, 2015).It deviates from the Cold War because of the trade, human contact, as well as information flows being not completely shut off. Additionally there exists a degree of cooperation. The focus by Russia is on post-Soviet amalgamation in Eurasia, whereas the United States has designed a string of checks to reinstate a “holding line” in opposition to Russia in Europe. The U.S. advance toward Russia is reflective of the traditional apprehensions, even fear, which not based on a sufficient comprehension of the country. In part since Russia has stopped being a fundamental assertion of U.S. foreign policy. The global system is resulting in becoming more balanced, with Washington needing to get ready for this by creating policies that explain for the interests of chief players, inclusive of Russia (Moiseev, 2014).

The Russian Federation attempted to draw Ukraine as well as the majority of the remaining ex-Soviet Union to its flagship mission of a customs amalgamation, in addition, was energized in the year 2009. As a result, it was led by the signing of the treaty in May 2014 to establish a Eurasian monetary unification. Instead of regenerating the Soviet Union, as supposed in the West, Moscow embarked on creating a Russian-led community in Eurasia, which would present Russia with definite economic benefits (Haukkala, 2015). Additionally it would have superior bargaining positions with consideration to the country’s huge continental neighbors China to the east and EU to the west. Bringing Ukraine into the system, which Putin had been attempting to attain the scheme of a “single economic space,” was to offer the novel compact the decisive mass of 200 million consumers. In this case, Ukraine would be able to provide almost a quarter. At the same time, Putin continued to be devoted to his master model of a “Superior Europe from Lisbon to Vladivostok,” which he originally outlined in 2010 and has been reiterating it ever since (Moiseev, 2014).

President Viktor Yanukovych ruled Ukraine, from the year 2010 to 2014 along with his followers from the eastern area of Donetsk. The president was routinely manipulating between the EU as well as Russia, constantly in search of a superior deal. Yanukovych offered elevated anticipations for the EU link, on which he was apparently working (Kopachynska, 2014). Nonetheless, the Ukrainian president was on no account proficient in the securing of a rational financial respite from Brussels. It was to recompense for the ruthless blow to a Ukrainian industry that would have come as a result of a closer economic relationship with the EU. In the days nearing the presidential elections originally slotted for early 2015, the necessity for such mitigation became critical (Smyslova, 2015).

Altogether, Yanukovych had to take into consideration the demands put across by Russia. Moscow had initially demonstrated to Ukraine, in the outline of business barriers, what it was going to let go from choosing the EU instead of Russia. Additionally Russia demonstrated to Ukraine the kind of an aid package they would lose as well as, what it benefits if it made the “right” alternative. Consequently, in November 2013 unexpectedly put on hold a political as well as an economic association accord that Kiev was to sign with the EU. The subsequent month, Yanukovych as an alternative acknowledged a charitable financial along with economic package from Russia’s Putin (Moiseev, 2014).

The November 2013 pronouncement resulted in collective demonstrations in central Kiev, which just about instantly became an undeviating confrontation on the capital’s Independence Square. The majorities of the demonstrators were regular people suffering from poverty as well as deeply exasperated by unending official bribery, including in Yanukovych’s family. To these people, EU connection seemed like the way out of this unbecoming state of affairs, in addition to the sudden along with unexpected shutting of that door created an excruciating and dominant shock.The fundamentally public demonstration, was referred to as the Maidan, was enjoined by the nationalistic groups, living chiefly from Western Ukraine (Filippovych, 2015). These groups had for eternity emphasized on a Ukrainian national distinctiveness that evidently disconnected from, as well as even opposed to Russia. To these groups, Yanukovych, an Easterner, was seizing the country to amalgamate with Russia, which majority in the country’s west perceived with profound misgiving, as well as absolute resentment? In conclusion, the Maidan demonstrations had the support of, funded, as well as exploited by Ukraine’s oligarchic clans, which were discontented with Yanukovych along with his Donetsk cronies exerting too much power. Additionally they were belligerently intensifying their trade interests at other oligarchs’ outlay (Haukkala, 2015). To the oligarchs, the Maidan was a mechanism to compel premature presidential elections in addition to unseating Yanukovych.

In mid-February 2014, the state of affairs in central Kiev deteriorated into violence in addition to realizing a completion. It initially had the perception that Yanukovych was determined to win by means of force to disband the Maidan. The Maidan at the time had created a competent hostility force built around a nationalist organization referred to as the Right Sector. Nonetheless, Yanukovych bunged the police procession in its tracks and begun talks with the opponent leadership. The talks almost immediately became talks on how dispensation his government was willing to make. They ended on 21st of February, 2014, following the president’s de facto admission of defeat, which followed a delay by a couple of months (Smyslova, 2015). The EU member states foreign ministers of Germany, France, as well as Poland, co-signed an accord with the Ukrainian administration as well as the opponent leaders to that outcome. No sooner had it been signed than the agreement discarded by the Maidan, whose additional antagonistic members called for the president’s instantaneous resignation. Yanukovych escaped from Kiev; the police left its streets, and furthermore the Maidan upheaval could rejoice in their victory.

Theory application
The Malthusian Overpopulation theory
The Malthusian Overpopulation theory of war posits that the occasion of war is inevitable and is normally as a result of the growth in population. The growth in a population normally met with scarcity resources that bring the state of disagreements as the citizen’s struggle to meet their innate needs. In the case of the Ukraine conflict, present Yanukovych, and his clan had taken over most of the state resources leaving the majority of the citizenry with little to use for their livelihood. The increased Ukrainian youth, as well as the general population, become disenfranchised by the ruling elite belonging to the presidents’ clan who had taken over all the resources (Haukkala, 2015). The corruption was resounding making the situation of the common citizen very hard since they could not afford some necessities. The fact that the resources were taken over by the majority meant that the rest of the society forced into bribing the officials in order to get their share. The resultant oppression and corruption coupled with the domination by one clan led to increased level of frustration in Ukraine. The likelihood of Yanukovych signing a treaty with the EU gave the citizenry hope that the status quo was going to change, but the eventual negation of the deal brought desperation. The desperation was given a dose of livelihood with the beginning of the Maidan revolt which was determined to ensure that the president and his cronies left the leadership (Smyslova, 2015). The maiden revolution was the only way that the majority citizenry saw as the way bout in the resolution of the corrupt state of affairs in the country as well as guaranteed equitable resource distribution. The following the tenets of the theory, the conflict could have been avoided on occasion that the president had ensured the equity in the access to the basic resources. Elimination of corruption in the administration would have been an efficient means of regulating the frustration among the citizenry. The deal with the European Union offered the best opportunity for the citizen to have the hope that all will resolve as more employment opportunities would have been available (Moiseev, 2014).

Bargaining Model
The bargaining model theory of war posits that war is normally as a result of an urge that deep-seated as well as being an emotional reaction as a result of our evolution. It posits that the war could be as a result of the unending political maneuvering that comes together with the civilization. Thus from the perspective, war is normally an over emphasized bargaining model in which two groups are attempting to resolve their conflicts. The conflicts could be based on the resources as well social justice among others (HIMKA, 2015).

In the Ukraine model, president Yanukovych maneuvers between Russia and EU with the intention of assessing the clutter that is going to offer him the best deal. On the ground, his people are suffering due to the protracted corruption and unfair resource allocation since all the leadership positions are dominated by his clan. Additionally the oligarchy that belong to the president’s clan are dominating the other oligarchies pin their business undertakings. The discontentment that is growing in the country is offered hope with the probable signing of the cooperation deal between Ukraine and the EU. Yanukovych goes back on the resolution to sign the deal with EU and sign with Russia (antonova, 2014). The Ukraine citizenry knows that a deal with Russia means that the status quo is going to remain, and their suffering will precede. The resultant resolution is that the opposition begins demonstrations that are meant to offer them a better bargaining power with the leadership. The attempt by the president to disband the demonstrators only makes them grow more violent and impatient. The intervention of the EU sees the president agree make some concessions on the demand that the opposition that was represented by the Maidan had made. The president agreed to the demands of the opposition only for them to leave the negotiations and call for the immediate resignation of the president. The violence that was meted out by the Maidan saw the president concede to their demands that were informed by the unfair resource distribution. Additionally the domination of the ruling administration by the presidents’ family and cronies is the other factor that was funneling the conflict especially among the oligarchies (Cohen, 2014).

The theory would posit that had the president and his administration taken the deal with the EU the conflict would have avoided. The equitable distribution of the resources among the various oligarchies would additionally be an efficient method of suppressing the possibility of the conflict since they would have appeased. The oppressed oligarchies being the main funder of the Marian would have been contented with the status quo. Additionally the ability of the opposition to bargain with the ruling elite would have aided in the timing of the want away corruption which was one of the main contributors to the conflict.

The Ukrainian conflict offers the best example of the remnants of the cold war grudges between the main super powers. Then, the EU as well as Russia developed diverse generalizations from the war along with the crisis. The focus by Russia is on post-Soviet amalgamation in Eurasia, whereas the United States has designed a string of checks to reinstate a “holding line” in opposition to Russia in Europe. Additionally Russia demonstrated to Ukraine the kind of an aid package they would lose as well as, what it benefits if it made the “right” alternative. Consequently, in November 2013 unexpectedly put on hold a political as well as an economic association accord that Kiev was to sign with the EU. The majorities of the demonstrators were regular people suffering from poverty as well as deeply exasperated by unending official bribery, including in Yanukovych’s family. To these people, EU connection seemed like the way out of this unbecoming state of affairs, in addition to the sudden along with unexpected shutting of that door created an excruciating and dominant shock.

Essay questions

1. Explain the concept of random assignment in experimental design and why it is important

Random assignment is the procedure of randomly assigning the participants to an experimental group. It used in the experimental design to create multiple study groups that consist of participants with similar characteristics. Random assignment ensures that the groups under the study are equivalent right from the beginning. The assumption when using random assignment is that the probability of some peculiarity occurring in one group is similar to the probability of it occurring in another group. Random assignment is important helps protect the researcher from the problems of confounding variables and competing explanations. Confounding variables are the correlated predictors that are included in a statistical model that have a significant influence on analysis results.

Since it is impossible to know the relevant variables to include in the experiment, it is important to use random assignment. The use of random assignment creates an even playing field that ensures that groups only differ in their respective assignments. At the end of the research study, a researcher can attribute any changes observed to individual groups by observing and collecting information about individuals at the beginning. This way, random assignment ensures that the researcher has more confidence that any changes that occur do not arise from characteristics of the group but due to the experiment under study.

2. Ways a survey might be designed so as to maximize respondents’ comfort with personal questions.

As a survey researcher, it is critical to provide all answers to the study. However, not all respondents are willing to respond to questions particularly when the questions require the respondent to provide personal or sensitive information. There are various techniques that a researcher might use when designing a survey so as to maximize respondents comfort with personal questions. For example, the researcher might consider conducting an anonymous Survey. With this type of survey, information may not necessarily be linked to a specific person. The respondents can be comfortable enough to provide personal information in this type of survey since their identity remains anonymous.

Secondly, the researcher may consider asking non-Personal Questions First. The researcher can use the technique to build trust with the respondent before progressing through the survey. When the respondents get to know more and about the research, they may feel less imposed by personal questions. Thirdly, the researcher may express Confidentiality by clearly stating the level of confidentiality and security that the respondent information will be. The researcher can do this through an introductory statement that explains how respondents’ feedback will be kept in strict confidence.

Thirdly, the researcher can introduce himself by composing a well-written statement at the beginning of the survey that details the importance of the respondents’ personal information to the survey. The statement can explain the reason for the personal information and how it contributes to the study. The understanding of the necessity of the information increases the chances of getting a positive response. Also, a researcher should limit questions requiring personal information to only those that are more significant to the study. When personal information is not necessary, the researcher should avoid collecting the information.

3. A newspaper reports from a survey that college students study on average seven hours a week for their classes. Identify the statistics and any other information that you would want to know from this survey before making generalizations about the student population at large, and explain why.

There are various statistics and information that may influence the generalization of results from a study. By using the central limit theorem, the sample should be representative of the population from which it is drawn. The greater the desired generalization, the more representative the sample should be. The second information that would be necessary is the types of statistical tests that have been conducted on the results. A statistical test is important in determining the significance level to see the consistency of data with the null hypothesis. It is also necessary to look at the correlation and regression to see the degree of relationship that exists between the variables.

4. What statistics covered in this chapter (Ch. 6 and Ch. 7) would you consider essential for reporting the results of your research project, and why?

Inferential statistics and descriptive statistics are essential when reporting the results of a research project. It is necessary to provide information about our group of data but also necessary to make generalizations about a particular population from which the samples are drawn. From chapter 6, we can see that Descriptive statistics can provide valuable information about the immediate group of data. They give us a lot more in depth data about the sample under the study. However, sampling allows us to only select a representative number from the population. The procedure of a study does not allow us to access the whole population that we are interested in investigating. Unfortunately, it is impossible to go beyond our set of data by using descriptive statistics alone. Inferential statistics is important to help generalize our results to the whole population. This way, we can be able to confirm our hypothesis more easily when using a limited number from the population.

5. Advantages and disadvantages of semantic differential scales in human communication

The semantic differential Measurement scales provide a bipolar adjective for the respondents to choose along a form of scaling. The scale has the capability of examining the strengths and weaknesses of a concept by using the respondent’s ranking. The means of these responses can then be calculated and then plotted or calculated to profile. One advantage of the Semantic Differential question scale is that it allows the semantic differential to measure directionality and intensity. The great number of response can lead to a deeper cognitive processing that in turn should increase response times. It becomes easier to assign numbers to and make a summary statement about their response. It provides a more valid and multi-dimensional method of scaling.

Paraphrasing questions 3, 4, 5, and 6

3. The National Reading Panel (NRP) has proposed five essential components of a balanced reading instruction. Be able to list and discuss the five components. P.273

According to the NRP, there are five major components that students need in order to be able to learn how to read. These components are phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension. The first two components deal with having an insight of the letters and sounds used during pronunciation. Phonemic awareness is necessary when reading. The sounds that people use in communication exist independently of the words formed by the same sounds. Every student must learn to differentiate between words and sounds having the understanding that each sound has its meaning. In addition, sounds are not only found in words, but also in other forms.
On the other hand, phonics helps students to learn the relationship between the letters used in the written language and the sounds used in the spoken language. Therefore, they need to know about the letters formed from the sounds and that each letter has a particular sound. The benefit of understanding phonics is that it helps students know how sounds interrelate in the formation of words. At some instances, letters like vowels may appear the same, but their sounds are different depending on the use.

Fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension are useful in explaining how letters combine to form words and sentences. Fluency is applicable in combining letters to make fluent words. It ensures that all the sounds making up the words have interrelationships, such that they do not have separate sounds. Vocabulary is a list of defined words used in a certain language. It is important for students to learn the sounds that make certain words, but may remain less helpful if they don’t know their meaning. The steps used in vocabulary are; knowing words, and then the message they portray. Once a student understands phonics and phonetics and then applies the two steps in vocabulary, they acquire the skills of text comprehension. Text comprehension helps students to know how to combine words that portray certain meaning. The message portrayed by the combined words may be different to that of each separate word within a sentence. The key thing is having an insight of the meaning of the sentences formed for them to relay a certain message to the reader.

4. Explain why the acquisition of reading is more difficult for children who are Deaf or hard-of-hearing? (Will need to be specific and state factual information) P.305

A majority of the deaf and hard of hearing students; experience challenges in the five components of learning and reading. Most of them do not show further progress in language from the 4th-grade level. English is not the first language for the deaf since they use a signed language for laying the foundation for language development. Thus, challenges to the use of spoken language are inevitable. There are significant differences between the sign and the spoken languages. For instance, reading takes a different form to that of the signed language. In addition, there are no alphabetical words in the signed language does. Instead, words have particular symbols and meanings that are all different from one another. It is very challenging to have an alphabet for them unlike those using the spoken language. Hearing challenge makes it very hard to know the sounds that make up the words. The only alternative to the problem is learning how to master the movement of the lips when one speaks.

Deaf students have a different way of having an insight of the alphabet. Due to the difficulty in making sounds, learning new words takes a longer time than their counterparts. A greater challenge to the deaf students arises when dealing with a hard text. Their comprehending level has limitations to only the simple words and stories. It is due to the way that they speak and combine words in their signed language that is different from the spoken language. After the fourth grade, the language and inferential demands increase thereby posing challenges to the deaf children. They also lack the cognitive ability to relate things to their correct contexts for easy understanding of the meaning. The introduction to learning a language is essential since it creates variations in the way deaf students learn how to sound and know words. Therefore, many of them shy away from reading. In addition, they have to strive in language reading for them to be effective as their peers. The underlying fact is that deaf students have to know the alphabetical concept for them to read effectively. Thus, they have to embrace it despite the challenges that they have to face.

5. Reading materials beyond third-grade level requires what skills: (pg. 305) you will need to list the skills and explain why those skills are difficult for Deaf and Hard of Hearing students.

The skills and knowledge required in reading materials above third grade are different to that of the lower grades. The two skills are passage specific knowledge and having the knowledge of specific information. Passage specific knowledge requires students to understand the different concepts that are specific to the passage. In addition, students have to understand the message portrayed by the passage through reading and understanding the words in it. When students can effectively know how to sound out words used in a passage, they feel comfortable when reading them. It helps them in making sense of what they read by linking the ideas back to their cognitive development and what they portray in reality. It is always challenging for the deaf students to relate their experiences to what they read. It is because their experiences are different to those of their counterparts using the spoken language. Most of the stories available for use in school have real life experiences, but the same lacks for the deaf students. Their abilities to make inferences from what they read are different. Thus, assuming and having a clear picture of the readings is a challenge to most of them especially when the meaning is not vivid. They have limitations in understanding the meaning of the stories they read due to the lack of real experiences like the group using the spoken language.

Students also require having the knowledge of the specific information portrayed in a passage as the second skill. It is essential that students understand specific details derived from the broad passage. It helps in narrowing down to a specific idea other than concentrating on the whole issue. Students require knowing the words that make up a story for them to understand it in whole. It does not matter, whether one reads it or not, because the failure of understanding the words make it difficult to understand the whole story. It is challenging for the deaf students since they do not easily understand the words for lack of life experiences and knowledge. For the deaf students, combining the specific topics that make up a story is hard. Due to the lack of adequate information about the topic at hand, they find it hard to understand the story, and the difficulty in understanding the words used aggravates it further. The only way of getting most out of a story is seeking for additional ways of gaining the information. The deaf students have to translate everything to the sign language for easy understanding of the concepts discussed.

6. List and describe the five stages of writing. Explain why it is difficult for Deaf and Hard of Hearing students acquire the English written language. P.330

Planning, composing, revising, editing and formal sharing are the five main stages in writing.
The first stage is planning which involves proposing a topic and strategizing on how to write about it. The key consideration in planning is the writing style to use and the selection of the main issues to discuss the topic.

The next step involves composing. It is the preliminary stages of beginning to write. Thus, the student can develop a rough draft that will form the basis for the other work. The rough draft will only serve as a guideline to the other sections.

Next is the revising stage. The student has to have the assurance that the work written will portray the intended meaning to the audience. The information presented has to be relevant to the topic and substantive.

Editing is the next step, and it ensures that the work is devoid of errors. Among the issues checked is the grammatical errors and fluency in the ideas.

Formal sharing comes after the writer validates the work; and ensures that it can serve as a source of information to others.

Deaf students face a lot of challenges in writing because they have to apply a skill that they are not conversant. Speaking and writing are interrelated, but the deaf use the sign language other than the spoken language. It is challenging for the deaf since the words used in writing are not the same as what they use in their sign language. The design of the sign language is different to the spoken language. The issues of composing sentences by combining words are difficult and full of grammatical errors for the deaf students.

For the deaf students to write, they have first to relate their sign language with the words found in the alphabet. The alphabet is not a common tool in the sign language, hence challenging. They have to incorporate a lot of reasoning before they write since they have to remember extra words than those used when speaking. In addition, combining the words to form meaningful sentences is a challenge for them. Therefore, most of the work they produce after writing is not easy to understand due to the many challenges. It cannot clearly portray the intended meaning, hence finds it hard to share the work with others.

Article Summary Criteria

A convicted killer by the name Kamron Taylor who early last week attacked a jail guard and escaped from the Kankakee jail facility was re-arrested in late Friday night. Taylor was arrested by Chicago police shortly before midnight near the South Stone Island and 92nd Street. Taylor had a loaded handgun during his arrest. He was charged with four felony counts connected to the possession of a firearm. Taylor was recently found guilty of committing a murder and was a murder and was detained at the Jerome combs detention center awaiting his sentencing. He escaped from his two-man cell on Wednesday night at around 3 a.m. Taylor was identified by the Chicago police based on the strange tattoos and a reward of 25,000 dollars was placed for anyone who could give any information likely to lead to his arrest.

The officials have no idea of how Taylor managed to escape from his cell by they believe that he did not enter his cell when the facility went on shutdown. He then hid in the facility before attacking the guard, beat him and choked him. He then possessed the guard’s uniform, keys and he used his 2012 Chevy Equinox to escape. The staff cuts that took place in December last year could have contributed to Taylor’s escape as the prisoners are aware of the cut and may take advantage of it. The car he used to escape was found by the police five hours after the escape, but Taylor was at large until late Friday night. More police officers were deployed in the area near where the car was found believing that killer stayed in the area. The reward for any information about his whereabouts was increased. The attacked guard is still hospitalized and is in a stable condition. Taylor remains in custody in Chicago, but he may be returned to Kankakee jail facility.

It beats logic how a convict can escape from a high-security prison of the level of Kankakee prison. The escape is an indication of how the American prisons are insecure and lacks the appropriate security system to ensure that law breakers are kept away from innocent, law-abiding citizens. Some of these facilities are understaffed and this could be the factor that may lead to insecurity in these facilities. Taylor’s escape could also be could have also been as a result of the inside job. Maybe some guard or an employee of the prison had facilitated his escape has no one can explain how he broke out from his cell. The government needs to beef up security in order to prevent future incidents where prisoners escape from their cells as this could expose innocent Americans to the threats of these criminals. Similarly, more security guards should be employed to enhance security in these facilities. More should be done to minimize the risks of exposing innocent citizens to criminal actions of the law-breakers who are on the run.